Java Programming Language

Course Curriculum

Java Programming Language

Java Programming Language

  • Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming language.
  • Java has been one of the most popular programming language for many years.
  • Java is Object Oriented. However it is not considered as pure object oriented as it provides support for primitive data types (like int, char, etc)
  • The Java codes are first compiled into byte code (machine independent code). Then the byte code runs on Java Virtual Machine (JVM) regardless of the underlying architecture.
  • Java syntax is similar to C/C++. But Java does not provide low level programming functionalities like pointers. Also, Java codes are always written in the form of classes and objects.
  • Java is used in all kind of applications like Mobile Applications (Android is Java based), desktop applications, web applications, client server applications, enterprise applications and many more.
  • When compared with C++, Java codes are generally more maintainable because Java does not allow many things which may lead bad/inefficient programming if used incorrectly. For example, non-primitives are always references in Java. So we cannot pass large objects (like we can do in C++) to functions, we always pass references in Java. One more example, since there are no pointers, bad memory access is also not possible.
  • When compared with Python, Java kind of fits between C++ and Python. The programs written in Java typically run faster than corresponding Python programs and slower than C++. Like C++, Java does static type checking, but Python does not.

Simple Hello World Program :

// A Java program to print "Hello World"
public class P_AI {
public static void main(String args[])
{
System.out.println("Hello World");
}
}

Output :

Hello World

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