SHA-384 Hash In Java

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SHA-384 Hash In Java

SHA-384 Hash In Java

The SHA-2 family of cryptographic hash functions consists of six hash functions. These are:

SHA-224, with 224 bit hash values
SHA-256, with 256 bit hash values
SHA-384, with 384 bit hash values
SHA-512, with 512 bit hash values
SHA-512/224, with 512 bit hash values
SHA-512/256, with 512 bit hash values
Among these, SHA-256 and SHA-512 are the most commonly accepted and used hash functions computed with 32-bit and 64-bit words, respectively. SHA-224 and SHA-384 are truncated versions of SHA-256 and SHA-512 respectively, computed with different initial values.

To calculate cryptographic hashing value in Java, MessageDigest Class is used, under the package java.security.

MessagDigest Class provides following cryptographic hash function to find hash value of a text as follows:

MD2
MD5
SHA-1
SHA-224
SHA-256
SHA-384
SHA-512
These algorithms are initialized in static method called getInstance(). After selecting the algorithm the message digest value is calculated and the results are returned as a byte array. BigInteger class is used, to convert the resultant byte array into its signum representation. This representation is then converted into a hexadecimal format to get the expected MessageDigest.

Examples:

Input : Hello Everyone
Output :
fdbd8e75a67f29f701a4e040385e2e23986303ea10239211af907fcbb83578b3e417cb71ce646efd0819dd8c088de1bd

Input : Prutor.ai
Output :
19cc78d220368a892cc9c54d2f43d5e1823534f3e22b0d475de18e030e7c4b411704c79e9600bb93399688e7f09bb226

Program: Below program shows the implementation of SHA-384 hash in Java.

// Java program to calculate SHA-384 hash value

import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.security.MessageDigest;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

public class Prutor {
public static String encryptThisString(String input)
{
try {
// getInstance() method is called with algorithm SHA-384
MessageDigest md = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA-384");

// digest() method is called
// to calculate message digest of the input string
// returned as array of byte
byte[] messageDigest = md.digest(input.getBytes());

// Convert byte array into signum representation
BigInteger no = new BigInteger(1, messageDigest);

// Convert message digest into hex value
String hashtext = no.toString(16);

// Add preceding 0s to make it 32 bit
while (hashtext.length() < 32) {
hashtext = "0" + hashtext;
}

// return the HashText
return hashtext;
}

// For specifying wrong message digest algorithms
catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
throw new RuntimeException(e);
}
}

// Driver code
public static void main(String args[]) throws
NoSuchAlgorithmException
{

System.out.println("HashCode Generated by SHA-384 for: ");

String s1 = "Prutor.ai";
System.out.println("n" + s1 + " : " + encryptThisString(s1));

String s2 = "Hello Everyone";
System.out.println("n" + s2 + " : " + encryptThisString(s2));
}
}
Result :
HashCode Generated by SHA-384 for:

Prutor.ai : 19cc78d220368a892cc9c54d2f43d5e1823
534f3e22b0d475de18e030e7c4b411704c79e9600bb93399688
e7f09bb226

Hello Everyone : fdbd8e75a67f29f701a4e040385e2e2398630
3ea10239211af907fcbb83578b3e417cb71ce646efd0819dd8c
088de1bd
Application:

Cryptography
Data Integrity

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